Best Operation Practices for a Hydro-Electric Power Plant (1.8 CEUs)

Daily Schedule
 
8:00am - Registration and coffee (1st day only)
8:30am - Session begins
4:30pm - Adjournment
Breakfast, two refreshment breaks and lunch are provided daily.
 
Introduction
 
This seminar will provide a comprehensive understanding of all the best operation practices for a hydro-electric power plant. The design and operation of a hydro-electric power plant and all its equipment are covered in detail in this seminar. The main focus of the seminar is on the best practice guidelines to optimize the performance of every equipment in the hydro-electric power plant. This includes turbine, governing system, transformers, generator, instrumentation and control systems. All the methods used to optimize the performance of a hydro-electric power plant to meet international standards will be discussed in detail in this seminar. This includes optimization of the plant management, plant automation, upgrading the hydro-electric power plant to a computer-based supervisory control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system, and optimization of all equipment operation, surveillance, monitoring, testing, and maintenance. This seminar is also focused on using advanced algorithms to optimize the generator efficiency, and optimization of a hydro-electric power plant performance by selecting specific operating parameters such as the most efficient load, maximum sustainable load, fixed turbine flow, headwater/tailwater elevation control, load following/automatic generation control, condensing reactive power control, automatic load reduction and reinstatement for temperature considerations. The seminar will also cover in detail all the inspection methods and tests required to identify faults and deficiencies in hydro-electric power plant equipment, as well as, the most advanced repair techniques and refurbishment methods. This seminar will also cover all the activities required to commission this equipment and all protective systems associated with it. The objective of the seminar is to maximize the performance, efficiency, reliability, and longevity of hydro-electric power plants by providing the best guidelines and practices for operating and maintaining them.
 
This seminar is a MUST for anyone who is involved in operating, managing, inspecting, testing, maintaining or refurbishing hydro-electric power plants because it covers the best operation methods and provides the necessary guidelines and rules that ensure the successful repair and refurbishment of hydro-electric power plants. In addition, this seminar will cover in detail the advanced fault detection techniques, critical components and all modern troubleshooting and commissioning methods which increases the reliability, and capacity factor (power output) of hydro-electric power plants and minimizes their forced outages, and operation and maintenance costs.
 
Who Should Attend
  • Engineers of all disciplines
  • Managers
  • Technicians
  • Maintenance personnel
  • Other technical individuals (this seminar is suitable for individuals who do not have an electrical background)
Seminar Outcome
  • Best Operation Practices for Hydro-Electric Power Plants: Gain a thorough understanding of the best operation practices for hydro-electric power plants
  • Hydro-Electric Power Plant Design and Operation: Learn about hydro-electric power plant design and operation
  • Optimization of Hydro-Electric Power Plant Performance to Meet International Standards: Learn all the methods used to allow hydro-electric power plants to meet international standards of performance
  • Optimization of Hydro-Electric Power Plant Equipment Performance: Understand all the techniques used to optimize power plant equipment performance and allow them to meet international standards
  • Optimize hydro-Electric Power Plant Management: Learn the methods used to optimize hydro-electric power plant Management
  • Automation and Upgrades Required for a Hydro-Electric Power Plant: Gain a thorough understanding of all the automation and upgrades required for a hydro-electric power plant to improve its performance
  • Hydro-Electric Power Plant Upgrade to a Computer-Based Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA): Understand how to upgrade a hydro-electric power plant to a computer-based SCADA
  • Using Advanced Algorithms to Optimize the Generator Efficiency: Learn how to use advanced algorithms to optimize the generator efficiency
  • Best Practices for Reliability, Monitoring and Maintenance of a Hydro-Electric Power plants: Understand all the methods used to improve the reliability, monitoring and maintenance of hydro-electric power plants
  • Optimization of Hydro-Electric Power Plant Performance by Selecting Specific Operating Parameters: Learn how to optimize hydro-electric power plant performance by selecting the most efficient load, maximum sustainable load, fixed turbine flow, headwater/tailwater elevation control, load following/automatic generation control, condensing reactive power control, automatic load reduction and reinstatement for temperature considerations
  • Hydro-Electric Equipment Diagnostics: Learn in detail all the required diagnostic techniques for all critical components of hydro-electric power plant equipment such as turbines, governing systems, transformers and generators.
  • Hydro-Electric Power Plant Equipment Testing: Understand in detail all the tests required for the various types of hydro-electric power plant equipment
  • Hydro-Electric Power Plant Equipment Maintenance and Troubleshooting: Determine the best maintenance and troubleshooting activities required to minimize hydro-electric power plant equipment downtime and operating cost.
  • Hydro-Electric Power Plant Equipment Repair and Refurbishment: Obtain a detailed understanding of the various methods used to repair and refurbish all hydro-electric power plant equipment.
  • Efficiency, Reliability, and Longevity: Learn the various methods used to maximize the efficiency, reliability, and longevity of all types of hydro-electric power plant equipment.
  • Protective Systems: Obtain a detailed understanding of all protective systems required for different types of hydro-electric power plant equipment.
Training Methodology
 
The instructor relies on a highly interactive training method to enhance the learning process. This method ensures that all the delegates gain a complete understanding of all the topics covered.
 
The training environment is highly stimulating, challenging, and effective because the participants will learn by case studies which will allow them to apply the material taught to their own organization.
 
Special Feature
 
Each delegate will receive a digital copy of the following materials written by the instructor:
 
1. The relevant material of the “ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT HANDBOOK” published by McGraw-Hill in 2003 (600 pages)
2. Best Practices in Operation of a Hydro-Electric Power Plant Manual (300 pages)

Philip Kiameh

Philip Kiameh, M.A.Sc., B.Eng., D.Eng., P.Eng. (Canada) has been a teacher at University of Toronto and Dalhousie University, Canada for more than 24 years. In addition, Prof Kiameh has taught courses and seminars to more than four thousand working engineers and professionals around the world, specifically Europe and North America. Prof Kiameh has been consistently ranked as "Excellent" or "Very Good" by the delegates who attended his seminars and lectures.
Prof Kiameh wrote 5 books for working engineers from which three have been published by McGraw-Hill, New York. Below is a list of the books authored by Prof Kiameh:
  1. Power Generation Handbook: Gas Turbines, Steam Power Plants, Co-generation, and Combined Cycles, second edition, (800 pages), McGraw-Hill, New York, October 2011.
  2. Electrical Equipment Handbook (600 pages), McGraw-Hill, New York, March 2003.
  3. Power Plant Equipment Operation and Maintenance Guide (800 pages), McGraw-Hill, New York, January 2012.
  4. Industrial Instrumentation and Modern Control Systems (400 pages), Custom Publishing, University of Toronto, University of Toronto Custom Publishing (1999).
  5. Industrial Equipment (600 pages), Custom Publishing, University of Toronto, University of Toronto, University of Toronto Custom Publishing (1999).
Prof. Kiameh has received the following awards:
  1. The first "Excellence in Teaching" award offered by the Professional Development Center at University of Toronto (May, 1996).
  2. The "Excellence in Teaching Award" in April 2007 offered by TUV Akademie (TUV Akademie is one of the largest Professional Development centre in world, it is based in Germany and the United Arab Emirates, and provides engineering training to engineers and managers across Europe and the Middle East).
  3. Awarded graduation “With Distinction” from Dalhousie University when completed Bachelor of Engineering degree (1983).
  4. Entrance Scholarship to University of Ottawa (1984).
  5. Natural Science and Engineering Research Counsel (NSERC) scholarship towards graduate studies – Master of Applied Science in Engineering (1984 – 1985).
Prof. Kiameh performed research on power generation equipment with Atomic Energy of Canada Limited at their Chalk River and Whiteshell Nuclear Research Laboratories. He also has more than 30 years of practical engineering experience with Ontario Power Generation (formerly, Ontario Hydro - the largest electric utility in North America).
While working at Ontario Hydro, Prof. Kiameh acted as a Training Manager, Engineering Supervisor, System Responsible Engineer and Design Engineer. During the period of time that Prof Kiameh worked as a Field Engineer and Design Engineer, he was responsible for the operation, maintenance, diagnostics, and testing of gas turbines, steam turbines, generators, motors, transformers, inverters, valves, pumps, compressors, instrumentation and control systems. Further, his responsibilities included designing, engineering, diagnosing equipment problems and recommending solutions to repair deficiencies and improve system performance, supervising engineers, setting up preventive maintenance programs, writing Operating and Design Manuals, and commissioning new equipment.
Later, Prof Kiameh worked as the manager of a section dedicated to providing training for the staff at the power stations. The training provided by Prof Kiameh covered in detail the various equipment and systems used in power stations.
Professor Philip Kiameh was awarded his Bachelor of Engineering Degree "with distinction" from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He also received a Master of Applied Science in Engineering (M.A.Sc.) from the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is also a member of the Association of Professional Engineers in the province of Ontario, Canada.

Day 1 – Hydro-Electric Power Plant Design, Equipment and Operation, Dams, Spill

  • Ways, Turbines, Generators and Transformers, Economic Value, Selection of
  • Site, Classification of Hydro-Electric Power Plants, Economics of Hydro-electric
  • Power Plants, Best Practice Guidelines for Hydro-electric Power Plants,
  • Optimization of Turbine and Generator Performance Characteristics to Meet
  • International Standards, Optimization of Plant Operation to meet international
  • standards, Optimization of Plant Management, Optimization of Plant
  • Performance, Plant Automation, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
  • (SCADA), Best Practices for Reliability, Operation, and Maintenance,
  • Upgrading the hydro-electric power plant to a Computer Based Supervisory
  • Control and SCADA
  • Hydro-electric power plant design, equipment, and operation
  • Dams, penstock, spill ways, turbines, generators, and transformers
  • Selection of a hydro-electric power plant site
  • Classification of a hydro-electric power plant based on construction
  • Classification of a hydro-electric power plant based on operation
  • Impoundment facility
  • Dam Types: Arch, gravity, buttress, embankment or earth
  • Dam construction
  • Pumped Storage
  • Generating Technologies
  • Impulse turbines, pelton wheels turbines, cross flow turbines
  • Reaction turbines, propeller hydropower turbine, bulb turbine, Kaplan turbine, Francis turbine, Kinetic energy turbines
  • Classification of a hydro-electric turbine based on head
  • Classification of turbine based on discharge
  • Classification of turbine based on direction of flow
  • Classification of turbine based on specific speed
  • Environmental impact
  • Benefits of a hydro-electric power plant
  • Technological advancements
  • Economics of hydro power
  • Construction costs
  • Production costs
  • Cost and revenue
  • Payback period of a hydro-electric power plant
  • Environmental protection measures
  • Rehabilitation and resettlement
  • Three Gorges project
  • Mechanical-Hydraulic governor of a hydro turbine
  • Power output of a hydro-electric power plant
  • Best Practice Guidelines for Hydro-electric power plant
  • Optimization of turbine and generator performance characteristics to ensure they meet international standards
  • Optimization of plant operation to ensure the performance meet international standards
  • Optimization of plant management by providing adequate personnel, budgets, systems, processes to optimize plant performance
  • Optimization of plant performance by automation of the plant to allow through computerized control the automatic starting, stopping, safe operation, and protection of any equipment being controlled
  • Plant automation components (programmable logic controllers, remote terminal unit, etc)
  • Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)
  • Best Practices for performance, efficiency, and capability
  • Supervisory control taking into account the weather, demand, headwater and tailwater levels, outages, and other variables
  • Using advanced control algorithms to optimize generator efficiency
  • Best practices for reliability, operation and maintenance
  • Upgrading the hydro-electric power plant to a computer based supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems 

Day 2 – Supervisory Control of a Hydro-Electric Power Plant, Using Advanced

  • Algorithms to Optimize the Generator Efficiency, Best Practices for Reliability,
  • Operation, and Maintenance of a Hydro-Electric Power Plant, Upgrading the
  • Hydro-Electric Power Plant to a Computer Based Supervisory Control and Data
  • Acquisition (SCADA) Systems, Optimization of Performance by Selecting
  • Specific Operating Parameters, Optimization of Transformer Operation and
  • Maintenance, Winding Transpositions, Impulse Strength, Transformer
  • Components, Transformer Oil Testing, Dissolved Gas Analysis, Gas Detector
  • Relays, Transformer Tests, Type Tests, Special Tests, Harmonics, Transformer
  • Protection
  • Supervisory control taking into account the weather, demand, headwater and tailwater levels, outages, and other variables
  • Using advanced control algorithms to optimize generator efficiency
  • Best practices for reliability, operation and maintenance
  • Upgrading the hydro-electric power plant to a computer based supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems
  • Best operation and maintenance practices
  • Condition assessment: turbines, governor systems, generator, excitation systems
  • Typical parameters necessary to implement automated control
  • Optimization of performance by selecting the most efficient load, maximum sustainable load, fixed turbine flow, headwater/tailwater elevation control, load following/automatic generation control, condensing reactive power control, automatic load reduction and reinstatement for temperature considerations
  • Sequence of events and first out
  • Maintenance: backing up systems, patches and software updates or changes, documentation, secure passwords, predictive maintenance software – condition monitoring
  • Metrics, monitoring and analysis
  • Transformer windings, transpositions, continuously-transposed strip, impulse strength, thermal considerations, performance under short-circuit
  • Transformer components and maintenance, classification of transformers, dry transformers, oil-immersed transformers
  • Components of a power transformer, core, windings, nitrogen demand system, conservative tank with air cell, current transformers, bushings, insulation
  • Tap changers, Tapchanger mechanisms, single-compartment tapchangers, in-tank tapchangers, off-circuit tapchangers, tanks, connections and auxiliary plant
  • Oil preservation equipment, conservators, bushing connections, SF6connections, cable box connections, tank-mounted coolers, separate cooler banks, water cooling, cooler control, layout of transformer compounds, galvanic anode, impressed current cathodic protection system
  • Types and features of insulation, reasons for deterioration, forces, cause of transformer failure
  • Transformer oil, testing transformer oil, causes of deterioration, neutralization number test, interfacial tension test, Myers index number, transformer oil classification system, methods of dealing with bad oil, gas-in-oil
  • Dissolved Gas Analysis, advanced detection of incipient fault conditions leading to all failure modes, oil collection, gas extraction, standards and guidelines governing dissolved gas analysis, gases in oil, transformer gas separation by gas chromatography, gas solubility coefficients in oil, partitioning, diagnosis, new guidelines for interpretation of Dissolved Gas Analysis in oil-filled transformers, basic gas ratio, indication/fault gas, fault types
  • Gas relay and collection systems, relief devices, interconnection with the grid
  • Transformer Quality Assurance, transformer testing during manufacture, transformer processing and dry-out, Final testing
  • Transformer Tests, Measurements, Calculations, and Evaluation Criteria
  • Transformer Routine Tests, Type Tests, and Special Tests
  • Routine Tests: measurement of winding resistance, measurement of voltage ratio and check of polarity and phase displacement, measurement of short-circuit impedance and load loss, measurement of no-load loss and current, dielectric tests, separate source AC withstand voltage test, induced ac voltage test, partial discharge measurement, tests on on-load tap-changers, open-circuit and short-circuit tests
  • Type Tests: temperature-rise test, lightning-impulse tests
  • Special Tests: switching impulse voltage test, measurement of dissipation factor (tan δ) and capacitance, measurement of zero sequence impedance(s), Determination of sound level, measurement of harmonics of the no-load current, measurement of insulation resistance, short-circuit withstand test, condensation test, condensation and humidity penetration test, low temperature test, heating-shock test at -5°C, heating-shock test at -25°C
  • Transformer protection, transformer protection overview, transformer failures
  • Differential characteristic, inrush inhibit during transformer energization, sensitive ground fault protection to limit transformer damage, overflux protection
  • Winding hot-spot temperature protection
  • Application capabilities, phase shift transformers, split-phase autotransformer
  • Typical applications of transformer protection relays 

Day 3 – Optimization of the Operation and Maintenance of the Hydro-Electric Power

  • Plant, Generator Surveillance and Testing, Advanced Methods for Preventing
  • Partial Discharge, Generator Inspection and Maintenance, Generator Rotor
  • Reliability and Life Expectancy, Generator Upgrades and Rewinds
  • Generators (used for wind turbines), Power Station Electrical Systems and
  • Design Requirements, Power Station Protective Systems, Frequently Asked
  • Questions
  • Inspection practices and methodology, site preparation, foreign material exclusion, experience and training, safety procedures – electrical clearances, inspection frequency, generator accessibility, inspection tools, inspection forms
  • Generator surveillance and testing, generator operational checks (surveillance and monitoring), generator diagnostic testing, insulation resistance and polarization index, dc hipot test, ac tests for stator windings, synchronous machine rotor windings, partial discharge tests, mechanical tests
  • Advanced methods for protecting the generator stator bars from partial discharge, causes of partial discharge, controlling partial discharge using antimony-doped tin oxide filler material, advanced methods for Preventing partial discharge in generator stator bars, modern US patents for preventing partial discharge
  • Generator systems, condition monitoring, operation limitations, fault conditions
  • Generator inspection and maintenance, on-load maintenance and monitoring, off-load maintenance, generator testing
  • Generator operational problems, and refurbishment options, typical generator operational problems
  • Generator rotor reliability and life expectancy, generator rotor refurbishment, generator rotor modifications, upgrades, and uprates
  • Generator upgrades and rewinds, rewinding for increased reliability, rewinding for increased output or efficiency, stator windings, rotor windings, impact on other components
  • Stator windings, slot support system, end winding support, asphalt conversions, emergency situations, complete rewind, partial rewind, repair of bars, stator winding insulation, stator winding quality
  • Field rewinds, overall design approach, component design, additional field considerations, field coil slot wedges, retaining rings, collector rings and bore copper, field winding quality, spare rotor
  • Other generator equipment and auxiliaries, excitation equipment, removable cartridge brush holders, coolers, control cabinets, babbitted hydrogen seals, generator gas monitoring system and tagging compounds, air gap flux probe, shaft voltage monitor
  • Bearings and Lubrication, Types of bearings, ball and roller bearings, thrust bearings, lubrication, viscosity of lubricants, greases, VI improved oils
  • Used oil analysis, test description and significance, visual and sensory inspection, chemical and physical tests
  • Vibration analysis, resonance, vibration instrumentation, vibration analysis, vibration causes, vibration severity
  • Power station electrical systems, and design requirements, system requirements, electrical system description, system performance, unit start-up, synchronization, shutdown and power trip, power plant outages and faults, uninterruptible power supply systems, dc systems
  • Power station protective systems, design criteria, generator protection, dc tripping systems
  • Frequently asked questions

 

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Toronto Airport West
5444 Dixie Rd
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L4W 2L2
Note: Please do not book travel and accommodation until you receive course confirmation.

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This course is also offered at the following location(s):

  • Webinars (Live) Monday, April 6, 2020

    Education @ Your Desk. A Live Webinar Class means that you will attend the class via the web using your computer. There are scheduled breaks for coffee and lunch. You use a microphone, headset, or your phone and are able to interact with the instructor and other students while following notes while watching the presentation slides online just as you would in a live classroom. Notes are posted online. For an extra cost a hard copy can be requested.

    The virtual classroom is becoming more and more popular, and we have a lot of experience teaching in this format. The only real difference between a live in-class and live via webinar is where you sit and what you look at. You can learn from the comfort of your own home or office. You pay less for the live webinar format than you would for the in-class format, and you do not have to travel to another city to attend the class. Please contact us at gic@gic-edu.com for Special Group & Corporate Rates for one or more participants.

We could offer any of our courses at a location of your choice and customized contents according to your needs, please contact us at : inhouse@gic-edu.com or click here  to submit an online request.


Course Materials

Each participant will receive a complete set of course notes and handouts that will serve as informative references.

$1,945

$1,795


Price will increase on 21 Feb 2020

The current fee for this course is $1,795.00. The current price increases on 21 February GST applies where applicable.

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