26 Oct 2012
Best Western Abercorn Inn
Vancouver Airport Hotel
9260 Bridgeport Road,
A certificate of completed Continuing Education Units (CEUs) will
be granted at the end of this course.
8:00am - Registration and coffee (1st day only)
8:30am - Session begins
4:30pm - Adjournment
Breakfast, two refreshment breaks and lunch are provided daily.
This seminar will provide a comprehensive understanding of the various types of dry and oil-filled transformers. This seminar will focus on maximizing the efficiency, reliability, and longevity of this type equipment by providing an understanding of the characteristics, selection criteria, common problems and repair techniques, preventive and predictive maintenance.
This seminar is a MUST for anyone who is involved in the selection, applications, or maintenance of transformers because it covers how this equipment operates, the latest maintenance techniques, and provides guidelines and rules that ensure the successful operation of this equipment. In addition, this seminar will cover in detail the basic design, operating characteristics, specification, selection criteria, advanced fault detection techniques, critical components and all preventive and predictive maintenance methods in order to increase reliability of the equipment and reduce the operation and maintenance cost.
This seminar will provide the following information for all types of transformers:
- Basic Design
- Selection Criteria
- Sizing Calculations
- Enclosures and Sealing Arrangements
- Codes and Standards
- Common Operational Problems
- All Diagnostics, Troubleshooting, Testing, and Maintenance
- Engineers of all disciplines
- Maintenance personnel
- Other technical individuals (this seminar is suitable for individuals who do not have an electrical background)
- Equipment Operation: Gain a thorough understanding of the operating characteristics of transformers
- Equipment Diagnostics and Inspection: Learn in detail all the diagnostic techniques and inspections required of critical components of transformers
- Equipment Testing: Understand thoroughly all the tests required for the various types of transformers
- Equipment Maintenance and Troubleshooting: Determine all the maintenance and troubleshooting activities required to minimize transformer downtime and operating cost
- Equipment Repair and Refurbishment: Gain a detailed understanding of the various methods used to repair and refurbish transformers
- Efficiency, Reliability, and Longevity: Learn the various methods used to maximize the efficiency, reliability, and longevity of transformers
- Equipment Sizing: Gain a detailed understanding of all the calculations and sizing techniques used for transformers
- Design Features: Understand all the design features that improve the efficiency and reliability of transformers
- Equipment Selection: Learn how to select all types of transformers by using the performance characteristics and selection criteria that you will learn in this seminar
- Equipment Enclosures and Sealing Methods Learn about the various types of enclosures and sealing arrangements used for transformers
- Equipment Commissioning: Understand all the commissioning requirements for transformers
- Equipment Codes and Standards: Learn all the codes and standards applicable for transformers
- Equipment Causes and Modes of Failure: Understand the causes and modes of failure in transformers
- System Design: Learn all the requirements for designing different types of transformer systems
The instructor relies on a highly interactive training method to enhance the learning process. This method ensures that all the delegates gain a complete understanding of all the topics covered. The training environment is highly stimulating, challenging, and effective because the participants will learn by case studies which will allow them to apply the material taught to their own organization.
Each delegate will receive a copy of the following materials written by the instructor:
- “ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT HANDBOOK” published by McGraw-Hill in 2003 (600 pages)
- Practical manual (200 pages)
Program Outline (1.2 CEUs / 12 PDHs)
Day 1 –Transformers, Types and Construction of Transformers, Autotransformers, Transformer’s Characteristics, Transformer Windings, Transpositions, Impulse Strength, Transformer Components, Transformer Oil Testing, Gas Detector Relays
- Inductors, capacitors, alternating current, Faraday’s law, magnetic field, three-phase system
- Machinery principles, magnetic behavior of ferromagnetic materials, energy losses in a ferromagnetic core, core losses, permanent magnets
- Transformers, types and construction of transformers, impedance transformation through a transformer, analysis of circuits containing transformers, equivalent circuit in a transformer
- Voltage regulation, transformer efficiency, transformer taps and voltage regulators, autotransformers, three-phase transformers, transformer ratings, inrush current, instrument transformers
- Transformers’ characteristics, phase relationships, Star/Star connected transformer, basic materials, dielectrics, copper, iron, insulation, leakage reactance, core construction
- Transformer windings, transpositions, continuously-transposed strip, impulse strength, thermal considerations, performance under short-circuit
- Transformer components and maintenance, classification of transformers, dry transformers, oil-immersed transformers
- Components of a power transformer, core, windings, nitrogen demand system, conservative tank with air cell, current transformers, bushings, insulation
- Tap changers, Tapchanger mechanisms, single-compartment tapchangers, in-tank tapchangers, off-circuit tapchangers, tanks, connections and auxiliary plant
- Oil preservation equipment, conservators, bushing connections, SF6 connections, cable box connections, tank-mounted coolers, separate cooler banks, water cooling, cooler control, layout of transformer compounds, galvanic anode, impressed current cathodic protection system
- Types and features of insulation, reasons for deterioration, forces, cause of transformer failure
- Transformer oil, testing transformer oil, causes of deterioration, neutralization number test, interfacial tension test, Myers index number, transformer oil classification system, methods of dealing with bad oil, gas-in-oil
- Gas relay and collection systems, relief devices, interconnection with the grid
Day 2 –Transformer Component Selection, Tapchangers, Transformer Tests, Type Tests, Special Tests, Harmonics, Transformer Protection,
- Transformer Component Selection, tappings and tapchangers, tapchanger mechanisms
- Transformer tanks, connections and auxiliary plant, oil preservation equipment –conservators, bushing connections, SF6 connections, cable box connections, tank-mounted coolers, separate cooler banks, water cooling, cooler control
- Layout of transformer compounds
- Transformer Quality Assurance, transformer testing during manufacture, transformer processing and dry-out, Final testing
- Routine tests, measurement of winding resistance, measurement of voltage ratio and check of polarity and phase displacement, tapchange operation test, insulation resistance test
- Measurement of no-load loss and current, magnetizing current test, load loss test, impedances test, zero sequence impedance test, dielectric tests, separate source AC withstand voltage test, induced ac voltage test, partial discharge measurement, tests on on-load tap-changers
- Type tests, temperature-rise test, lightning-impulse tests
- Special tests, switching impulse voltage test, short-circuit impedance test, measurement of dissipation factor (tan δ) and capacitance, measurement of zero impedance (s),
- Determination of sound level, measurement of harmonics of the no-load current, measurement of insulation resistance
- Transformer protection, transformer protection overview, transformer failures
- Differential characteristic, inrush inhibit during transformer energization, sensitive ground fault protection to limit transformer damage, overflux protection
- Winding hot-spot temperature protection
- Application capabilities, phase shift transformers, split-phase autotransformer
- Typical applications of transformer protection relays
Philip Kiameh, M.A.Sc., B.Eng., D.Eng., P.Eng. (Canada) has been a teacher at University of Toronto, Canada for 20 years. During this period, he taught courses and seminars to working engineers and professionals around the world. He wrote 6 books for working engineers. Four of them have been published by McGraw-Hill, New York.
Prof. Philip Kiameh performed research on power generation equipment with Atomic Energy of Canada Limited at their Chalk River and Whiteshell Nuclear Research Laboratories. He also has more than 27 years of practical engineering experience with Ontario Power Generation (formerly, Ontario Hydro - the largest electric utility in North America). While in Ontario Hydro, Prof. Philip Kiameh worked as Training Manager, Engineering Supervisor, System Responsible Engineer and Design Engineer. During this period, he was the manager of a section that provided training for the staff at the power stations. This training covered all the equipment and systems used in power stations. Philip was also responsible for the operation, maintenance, diagnostics, and testing of gas turbines, steam turbines, generators, motors, transformers, inverters, valves, pumps, compressors, instrumentation and control systems. Further, his responsibilities included designing, engineering, diagnosing equipment problems and recommending solutions to repair deficiencies and improve system performance, supervising engineers, setting up preventive maintenance programs, writing Operating and Design Manuals, and commissioning new equipment.
Professor Philip Kiameh was awarded his Bachelor of Engineering Degree "with distinction" from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He also received a Master of Applied Science in Engineering (M.A.Sc.) from the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is also a member of the Association of Professional Engineers in the province of Ontario, Canada.
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Each participant will receive a complete set of course notes and handouts that will
serve as informative references.
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